importance of economics

We have at some point heard about economics, whether it be as a subject in high school or as a whole course of study in a university. But do you know economics is way more than that and encroaches on our daily lives?

In this article, you will find all you need to know about the importance of economics and how it affects our lives, businesses, and families, among others.

What is economics?

Economics is the study of how our economy works currently and how to make it work better. It looks at what factors affect the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. It also looks at who gets to decide which resources to use and how to share them fairly.

Economics is our day-to-day life; it’s not something that we can afford to not know about.

The Importance of Economics in Various Aspects

There are many ways and different areas of life in which economics is important. There are many impacts of economics on economic growth, our daily lives, and our society. Here are several ways economics has impacted our lives.

The Importance of Economics in Economic Growth

Economics plays a significant role in our economy; it’s not far off to say that without economics there won’t be an economy. It studies and addresses consumer behaviour, resource allocation, demand and supply, and wants and needs. These concepts help the market function which aids economic growth.

Here are a few ways economics contributes to economic growth:

  • Economic factors: Economics has several factors used to promote and stimulate growth in an economy, like natural resources, skilled labour, investments in infrastructure, and others. These factors are key components of economics.
  • Creating more informed policies: Economists are policymakers who provide analysis on the right policy that will tackle national issues like inflation and policies that promote Growth Domestic Product (GDP) growth.
  • Resource allocation: This usually deals with the assignment and distribution of resources to different uses. Economists help allocate resources such as land, labour, and capital evenly and strategically to avoid a burn in any of the major sectors.
The Importance of Economics to Students

Economics provides a basic understanding of how the world around them works. It allows people to better understand other people, organizations, markets, and governments. This enables them to react better to the challenges and possibilities that arise when circumstances change.

Here are a few ways economics can impact your life as a student:

  • It prepares you for a global scale: Economists spend their whole careers trying to solve problems and bring forth solutions through analyzing data. Most students of economics tend to have the ability to solve problems and analyze data. 

This makes them well-suited for different career paths like risk management, finance, foreign policy, administration, politics, policy analysis, entrepreneurship, market research, and many other fields.

  • Improves your critical thinking skills: With economics, you deal with analyzing problems and proposing solutions for those problems. This requires you to think critically.
  • Improves your decision-making skills: You will make more impactful decisions in your personal lives and make better choices. For example, before purchasing a car, you will have to decide if it’s worth allocating resources, which is money, to buy the car.
The Importance of Economics in Our Daily Lives

Whether we realize it or not, economics plays an important role in our daily lives. The choices we make, the income we earn, and the money we spend to buy goods and services all happen because of economics. Knowing economics can enable us to make informed decisions on what we earn and what we spend. 

Here are a few ways economics impacts your daily life.

  • Knowledge and understanding of how the economy works: Economics explains the concepts of the behaviour of consumers and how their behaviour affects the economy. Economists provide reasons and explanations for the happenings of the economy at every given time. 

For example, the reason why a local fruit seller is finding it hard to sell out her batch of fruits daily like in the past could be explained through economics. The demand for fruit could be down due to new competition in the area. It is also possible that a recent spike in the unemployment rate has reduced the fruit seller’s prior available audience. 

With this analysis, the fruit seller could reduce the supply of the fruits to match the demand or reduce the price of the fruits to increase the demand.

  • Government Policies: Economic policies affect our daily lives and play a crucial role in how we live. The policies affect us through inflation or regulations. 

For example, if the government passes a regulation that increases the minimum wage to $50 per hour, that will positively affect the lives of regular citizens. Their income will see an increment, which will lead to more purchases of goods and services. This will lead to businesses seeing an increase in consumers for their products or services.

The Importance of Economics in Society

Economics makes it possible to comprehend interactions in a society that is driven by the market and to examine government policies that have an impact on the lives of citizens, their families, and their jobs.

 Here are a few ways economics impacts society:

  • Guides business decisions: Economics principles help guide decisions and actions taken by businesses that contribute to the growth of a prosperous society.
  • Explain government roles: Economics helps explain the roles the government plays and needs to play in the economy. For instance, because of economics, we know demand and supply are based more on consumer preferences and behaviour. 

This means if a product is not selling, there is a high chance that the reason is that it is not in demand, and the seller needs to do a market evaluation. But when a society has a high rate of unemployment, it is because the government is not playing its role in society.

  • Creation of jobs: Economics plays an important role in creating job opportunities in society. If a business is booming, then there is a need for more staff to meet the needs of consumers, which leads to the creation of jobs.

Why you should Study Economics

There are so many benefits to studying economics. Students who study economics not only acquire the knowledge necessary to understand the ever-changing market. They also get an understanding of market flow and strong analytical and problem-solving skills that are necessary for professional success.

 Here are a few reasons to study economics:

  • Excellent career prospects for graduates: After graduation, most students have no trouble finding work because most businesses need economists.
  • Builds critical thinking: In economics, there is rarely a right answer, but you must support every argument with quantitative evidence. In the end, students enjoy economics because it lets them use and improve their analytical, critical, and evaluative skills.
  • Provides insights on how the world works: Until you start learning about economics, you may not know how the world functions. Studying economics will help you understand how organizations, individuals, and governments make their decisions and why they make them.

Key points 

  • Economics is part of our daily lives and pivotal to our growth.
  • Knowing economics improves your critical thinking skills and encourages innovation.
  • There are better career prospects for economics graduates.
  • Economics gives you a simpler understanding of how the economy works and how we are all connected.


Q. What is the importance of economics?

Ans: Economics affects your life in different ways, from the price you pay or sell goods and services to the job opportunities available to you. Economics shapes the world around you, so knowing it will help you and your business make informed decisions.

Q. Why is it important to study economics?

Ans: People gain a better understanding of the world around them when they study economics. It makes it possible for people to comprehend individuals, businesses, markets, and governments, which in turn enables them to better respond to the opportunities and threats presented by change.

Q. What is the importance of economics in society?

Ans: Economics is important in the society because it comprehends how society trades scarce resources, and economics employs scientific methods. Because they have a deep understanding of how to create efficiency in the world of today, economists study theories and methods that can be utilized in the process of formulating government policies.

Q. How does economics impact daily living?

Ans: Our daily lives are influenced by economic issues. Taxes and inflation, interest rates and wealth, inequality and emerging markets, energy, and the environment, among others.

Take a quick quiz.

1. Studying economics gives you insight into the market and how it operates.

  1. True
  2.  False 

2. Economics does not help create job opportunities.

  1. True
  2. False

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